Effect of Irradiation Dose and Storage Time on the EPR Signal Intensities of Gamma Irradiated Sulfapyridine

1.049 258


Abstract:The interest in sterilizing the medicine using gamma energy is increasing. However, radiation may cause molecular degradation in the sample and thus may lead to the formation of free radicals due to high energy. This study aims to determine the radiation sensitivity of sulfapyridine (SU) irradiated with a predetermined dose using EPR spectroscopy. In the EPR spectra recorded at room temperature prior to radiation process, no EPR signal was observed. However, after the irradiation with gamma rays, EPR signal intensity increased significantly based on the irradiation dose.Mathematical functions and correlation coefficients were calculated determining the relation between the increasing radiation doses on the signal intensities of the sample. The stability of the free radicals created after the irradiation in time was investigated by recording the spectra of the sample irradiated with a dose value of 15 kGy in certain intervals. The results were found to be in good agreement with the existing literature data.

Tam metin:

385-390 (English)


Gopal, N.G.S., 1978, Radiation sterilization of pharmaceuticals and polymers. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 12, 35-50.

Diehl, J.F., 2002, Food irradiation—past, present and future. Radiation Physics and Chemistry. 63, 211–215.

Bhat, R., Sridhar, K.R. 2011, Influence of ionizing radiation and conventional food processing treatments on the status of free radicals in lotus seeds: an EPR study. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 24, 563-567.

Ambroz, H.M., Kornacka, E.M., Marciniec, B., Przybytniak, G., 2002, Radical decay in irradiated drugs: Flutamide, ifosamide and aminglutethimide. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 254, 293-298.

Basly, J.P., Basly, I., Bernard, M., 1998a, Electron spin resonance detection of radiosterilization of pharmaceuticals: application to four nitrofurans. The Analyst, 123, 1753-1756.

Basly, J.P., Bernard, M., 1997, Radiosterilization dosimetry by ESR spectroscopy: ritodrine hydrochloride and comparison with other sympathomimetics. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 149, 85-91.

Delincee, H., 2002. Analytical methods to identify irradiated food—a review.Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 63, 455–458.

Murrieta, H., Munoz, E., Adem, E., Burillo, G., Vazquez, M., Cabrera, E., 1996. Effect of irradiation dose, storage time and temperature on the ESR signal in irradiated oat, corn and wheat.Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 47, 1657-1661.

Ambroz, H.B., Kornacka, E.M., Marciniec, B., Ogrodowczyk, M., Przybytniak, G.K., 2000, EPR study of free radicals in some drugs γ-irradiated in the solid state. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 58, 357-366.

Rajendiran, N., Siva, S., Saravanan,J., 2013, Inclusion complexation of sulfapyridine with a- and b-cyclodextrins:Spectral and molecular modeling study. Journal of Molecular Structure, 1054-1055, 215-222.

Challis, J.K., Carlson, J.C., Friesen, K. J., Hanson, M.K., Wong, C.S.,2013, Aquatic photochemistry of the sulfonamide antibiotic sulfapyridine. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, 262, 14-21.

Damian, G., 2003, EPR investigation of γ-irradiated anti-emetic drugs. Talanta, 60, 923-927

Polat, M, Korkmaz, M (2006), Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, 40: 882-888.

Basly, J.P., Basly, I., Bernard, M., 1998b, Electron spin resonance identification of irradiated ascorbic acid: Dosimetry and influence of powder fineness. AnalyticaChimicaActa, 372, 373-378.

Marralle, M., Longo, A., Panzeca, S., Gallo, S., Principato, F., Tomarchio, E., Parlato, A., Buttafava, A., Dondi, D., Zeffiro, A., 2014, ESR response of phenol compounds for dosimetry of gamma photon beams. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 339,15-19.

Yurus, S., Ozbey, T., Korkmaz, M., 2004, ESR investigation of gamma irradiated sulbactam sodium. Journal of Pharmaceuitcal and Biomedical Analysis, 35, 971-978.

Tuner, H., Korkmaz, M., 2007, Radiostability of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT): an ESR study. Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 258, 388-394.

Basly, J.P., Longy, I., Bernard, M., 1998c, Radiosterilization dosimetry by electron-spin resonance spectroscopy: Cefotetan. AnalyticaChimicaActa, 359, 107-113.

ISSN: 2148-3736

El-Cezeri Journal of Science and Engineering is indexed by: